Nylon 6 General Processing Guidelines
Nylon 6 is a very widely used plastic material and our Nylon 6 General Processing Guidelines can help you better understand the subtleties of processing nylon 6 to produce high quality parts.
Most Nylon manufacturers ship Nylon 6 resins at or below 0.25% moisture content. When drying is required due to hopper residence times in excess of one hour, exposure to air, or when adding regrind, desiccant air dehumidifying hopper dryers are necessary. Hot air dryers without desiccant should not be used as they can actually increase the moisture content of the resin. The temperature of the drying air should not exceed 165°F for natural-colored resins and 180°F drying temperature allowable for black materials in order to prevent excessive oxidation and discoloration. The required drying time is dependent on the length of time the resin is exposed to the atmosphere and the level of humidity. The following drying times are commonly recommended.
EXPOSURE TO AIR (hours)
DRYING TIME AT 165°F (hours)
**180°F drying temperature allowable for black materials.
Optimum moisture levels range from 0.08% to 0.18%. Moisture levels less than 0.06% can result in reduced flow characteristics and/or poor surface aesthetics. Moisture should be measured via the Karl-Fischer Titrator method. Weight Loss or Desiccating weight loss units can be acceptable for the manufacturing environment, but they should be correlated via the Karl-Fischer Titrator method. The dew point of the circulating air shouldbe less than -20°F (-28°C). An air flow throughput minimum of 1 CFM/pound of resin/hour is recommended.
INJECTION MOLDING CONDITIONS
In order to obtain high quality molded parts, the processing setup must be aligned with the specific material, molding machine, throughput rate, and part-runner configurations. Screw designs and heat transfer characteristics vary between machines of different manufacturers, making it difficult to specify cylinder temperature profiles that can be universally applied to all injection units without some modifications. The following molding conditions are recommended starting points.
Rear Zone (F)
Middle Zone (F)
Front Zone (F)
Nozzle and Manifold (F)
Melt Temperature (F)
Mold Temperature (F)
Injection Pressure (psi)*
Pack and Hold Pressure (psi)*
Back Pressure (psi)*
Screw Speed (RPM)
Shot to Cylinder Size (%)
*Pressures given are in the hydraulic circuit